Although cannabis is still illegal at a federal level, a majority of states in the U.S have now legalized it for either recreational or medical use. Illegality of cannabis being illegal has not stopped the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) from issuing patents on related to the plant, as the USPTO has been issuing cannabis-related patents since 1942. Nevertheless, research shows that as a result of the dichotomy between the Drug Enforcement Administration (“DEA”) and the USPTO, inventors may be timid when it comes to applying for patent protection when cannabis is involved.
What should a potential inventor bring when meeting with a Patent Lawyer?
Copyright law has traditionally been the branch of Intellectual Property (“IP”) law that has lagged behind patents and trademarks. Although some can say that it is because the Copyright law faces technological challenges that Trademarks and Patents do not. Streaming has been a constant issue that has made it harder for Copyright laws to keep up with the technology. As a result, Congress has recently passed legislation to try to bring Copyright Laws up to speed with the rest of IP laws.
With the potential advent of Judge Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation to the Supreme Court of the United States, most debate has centered on how Judge Kavanaugh has ruled on key social issues such as abortion and presidential limitations. However, an issue overlooked at this point is the impact the potential Justice could have in the Intellectual Property (“IP”) field. The Supreme Court is already slated to listen to two IP cases in their 2018-2019 term.
If you have received a US trademark registration, be prepared to 'prove' your use of the trademark in commerce.
The USPTO will conduct audits at random of the declarations of use for marks registered for multiple goods or services in the same class. At this time, the USPTO is estimated to audit up to 10 percent of the declarations of use filed each year. It is believed that the percentage will increase depending on the results of the audit and the number of USPTO resources that are assigned to the project.
The USPTO began operation of the Patent Trail and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) under the power made available to it by the American Invents Act in 2012. Since then, the PTAB has been the forum of choice to challenge the validity of existing patents through a process called Inter Partes Review (“IPR”). However, patents are private property rights and the long-standing norm has been that these kinds of rights should only be taken away in an Article III forum (judge or jury). The case of Oil States v. Greene’s Energy Group, et al. sought to settle once and for all the constitutionality of having an Article I (executive branch) tribunal extinguish patent rights.
Venue for patent litigation had been an agreed concept for close to three decades before the United States Supreme Court came down with its TC Heartland decision. Now with this decision in the books, patent litigation has changed drastically, causing significant impact in certain areas of the country, especially Texas.